I have a request to build a raised paver patio that will have part of the retaining wall installed tight to the traditional house wall. I intend to dig down about 40cm, compact hardcore to 30cm and lay concrete 10cm thick. The inspector said that we should probably remove this. You may edit to remove the extras. New additions at the back of the house add several “sliding” wall planes, where interior walls continue past full-height windows to the exterior, complimenting the typical Eichler indoor-outdoor ceiling and floor planes. You might want to put tarpaper or rubber flashing behind the board, to keep moisture from wicking through to the framing. One more time with a hand float after an hour or so should make it ready for the broom finish. In protected locations the ledge can be the top block of the foundation wall extending 4" to the outside of the green plate. As I stood before the gates I realized that I never want to be as certain about anything as were the people who built this place. The 1/8"/ft is a good number as mentioned by Jimmy fix-it. Large concrete patio poured against the foundation - should it be tied to the foundation or not? Add a strip of metal flashing above the joint to direct any water away. Raise The Roof By 500 Millimeters. Why? By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. The wall will only come up about 12″ above the foundation and I was thinking that if I removed the siding and installed cement board and a waterproof barrier and kept any water away from the wall I should be okay with the blocks being tight to the wall. If there is a downpour and strong winds the water can splash against the house wall and with riven slabs especially, can form little … It’ll stand like that for decades, and should a repair ever be needed, it’ll be quick and easy, instead of costing thousands and requiring the tear-down of much of the patio. Often the gap to be filled is quite deep. Checking for finite fibers in hash functions. To get the cleanest look without breaking a sweat, you can simply attach the back channel and the patio directly to the wall of the house. If you find your plans require laying pavers against vents, siding or other materials, choose another patio plan. Anyone else tried this type of project? Re-side over the flashing/membrane after the concrete is finished. " Fine House Photography This is an example of a classic patio in London with a potted garden. When I finally come on board, the damage is already done and is not cheap. Between this membrane and the concrete, install some asphaltic expansion joint material, nailed through the membrane into the studs. This is not a great idea, but if you have to do it, Whitedog's got the method pretty well taped. Not perfect, but it will do. Start your subscription today and save up to 52%. >>"The height of the retaining wall will be around 21"with 12"of the wall against the old house wall and the balance being against the foundation. Save Photo. The height of the retaining wall will be around 21"with 12"of the wall against the old house wall and the balance being against the foundation. Get complete site access to expert advice, how-to videos, Code Check, and more, plus the print magazine. Also, "screed". Most materials will wick moisture through them as in concret, stucco, wood, etc. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. "I have learned so much thanks to the searchable articles on the FHB website. The remainder of the patio against the house wall (outside the kitchen) does have a minor slope away from the house. (300 mm) behind the block with wall rock up to the height of the block The boundary with the neighbours is called the Party Wall line or boundary. RAISING A PATIO PROBLEM. Should hardwood floors go all the way to wall under kitchen cabinets? This concrete patio butts up against the foundation of our home. site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. I do advise that the slabs slope away from the house which may help minimise the need for drainage. We have a 10 year old patio that was poured up against our brick facade. For large areas (yours is large) it is more common to pour and float without screed. The pour will start from the farthest side, and the pour will proceed closer to the truck. DeepMind just announced a breakthrough in protein folding, what are the consequences? Monday 27th March 2017 Another way to do it is to have the patio at door cill level but leaving a small gap between the house and the slabs, say … Smooth Out the Coverage Permalink. --Rabbi Sheila Peltz, on her visit to Auschwitz, A Modern California Home Wrapped in Rockwool Insulation for Energy Efficiency and Fire Resistance, Podcast 305: Asbestos Flooring, Panned Return Ducts, and Adding On to a Log Home, Podcast 303: Advanced Framing, Wood Floors in a Bathroom, Unsafe Pools, Plus, get an extra 20% off with code GIFT20, Simple Way to Make Old Walls Straight and Plumb, Expert insights on techniques and principles. I built a similar retaining wall, and left a gap of just under 3/4 inch. Apparently, this was the second attempt by the PHOs to make a patio. The bottom of the gap is 6" below the mudsill. What is the appropriate slope to use to have water run away from the home and how do I get this slope in the patio slab? I just bought a new house in Southern California. The same technique is used near an obstruction (like a wall); set a screed board next to the wall, then pull it out and fill the gap. How do I correctly pour a concrete patio against a house.? To set the slope, a form is set in place that sets the size (area) and the top level of the concrete surface. My question is, how do I properly scree when there won't be a form board against the house on which that end of the scree board would typically rest? The designer and builder of the 2018 Fine Homebuilding House detail why they chose mineral-wool batts and high-density boards for all of their insulation needs. If attaching a patio roof to a ledger beneath the eaves does not allow for enough headroom, you can set the new patio roof’s rafters on the wall’s top plate. This is where the pressure relief lies. I can't tell you how many of these problems I have fixed over the years. The house is on a slight slope, and this wall is the high side. What should I do about the gap between my concrete patio and the house? I can't live proud enough to die when I'm gone, How should I redo my patio under my deck? rev 2020.12.3.38123, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, Home Improvement Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. View Image bakersfieldremodel.com. ... Design ideas for a small contemporary courtyard patio in London with a living wall and concrete paving. It will only support the weight of a motorcycle. Patio Against House Wall Instance building a raised deck and it is an amazing look means stone slate paver design ideas. The gap at the doorway is not a trip hazard. On a two-story house, you can usually tie the ledger into a band joist (also called a rim joist), located between the floors, as shown below. If your house has poor grading, water run-off can pool against the walls of the house. Welcome to SE. We do this for two reasons. Setting the level properly with the screed will really make a difference too. Add an AB Courtyard patio wall to create an outdoor room; Building a raised patio is easy and can add more usable living space and lasting value to your landscape. Isnot the mudsill required to be 6" above the adjacent dirt? I wonder if it is necessary to build a barrier against the house using brick, wood, or simply plastic? When placing the concrete the edges are floated very close to the finished level, all around the edges. Although I have the right to remain stupid, I try not to abuse that right". - M.K. There are 4-5 courses of brick under the current ground level here. Last summer my neighbours built a raised patio which overlooks the garden wall and our main hall window. What defines a patio home is that it's attached to other patio homes, making it similar architecturally to townhomes or condos —only in miniature. You will still need to float it perhaps 2 more times after that if you are going with a broom finish. The fifth option is used when there is enough height to attach the back channel and patio directly to the wall underneath the eaves of the main house. Become a member and get instant access to thousands of videos, how-tos, tool reviews, and design features. Fill the hollow cores and 12 in. You can install pavers against your house foundation as long as it is the foundation itself. I am going to be starting a project in which I will be pouring my patio next to my home, it will be approx 10' x 50' The home is on a concrete slab, no basement. The 1/8"/ft is a good number as mentioned by Jimmy fix-it. It is at least two bricks below the DPC. Usually pro concrete workers would not set anything within the 10 width, they don't need it, but you can set something at the middle if you choose, since an 8' screed board is a killer to pull if you don't have good help. Can cement backer board be used to support bluestone or slate outdoor raised patio? On a slab that is 50" long you will need to run control joints or cut them in later at every 10' or so. Run a … I used a plastic spoon to guide the sealant into the nooks and crannies of the gap. Do players know if a hit from a monster is a critical hit? The result is a paver patio that is retained on all sides with retaining wall block, supported from below in an ICPI-approved fashion using geogrid/geotextile. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. It can either be a short piece of rebar driven in so the top is at the level for the concrete, strike your concrete in that area to the level dictated by the rebar, after the surface is set, drive the rebar further into the concrete so it is well below the surface. That was about 15 years ago, and the house hasn't fallen down yet. © 2020 The Taunton Press, Inc. All rights reserved. Basement walls are subject to lateral pressure from the weight of the soil piled against the exterior.Moisture in the soil increases the weight acting upon the wall..... One key point in 2nd last para,and why its best for the basement wall and the homeowner and the next-homeowner to have the work done outside,not inside.....'the mortar joints are WEAKER than the masonry blocks'. Which will be valid. What happens to foam insulation board after you pour concrete slab? Pouring concrete slab against 2 block walls and an asphalt driveway. Home Improvement Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for contractors and serious DIYers. How can I get my cat to let me study his wound? Just based on your written description, it doesn't sound like a good idea. Set the level at the house using a hand float to set the level to the expansion joint and work the far side and start going down the long side, striking the concrete off to the finished level with the screed. I am planning on building a raised planter about 2 feet high along an outside wall of my house using block. Please ask only one question per post. Get the rest of the concrete down, and if you are still alive, start the floating process. From what I have read thus far, the concrete should not butt directly against the home's slab and a joint expander or something should be glued to the home and then the concrete poured against that. If the water has no where to go, as in saturation, it will flow to the point of least pressue which is the walls of the home. Should a concrete slab slope toward my house? Just use a chalk line and go by that? It only takes a minute to sign up. so...if the retaining wall is 12" high, will the backfill (groundlevel) be that high also? I did use tile backer board in one spot in our house where a concrete slab is poured up against it. My goal was to create a waterproof concave lip between the wall of the house and the patio and the self-leveling sealant obviously not designed for that. I guess I had more than two questions but...whadya gonna do? Re: Pouring concrete patio against house Post by Mastercarpentry » Sun Apr 23, 2017 2:16 am Such a large slab is going to expand faster than the house in full summer sun so I'd prefer the slab be isolated from the foundation by 1/2" styrofoam or 'celotex' fiber-board. I think ideally, I would turn the retaining wall to run parallel with the house - maybe with a detail like that separating the wall from the house.View Image bakersfieldremodel.com. Yes you will need boots, and get in the middle of it. To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. MAINTENANCE WARNING: Possible downtime early morning Dec 2, 4, and 9 UTC…. I have to two questions. Dig out plants, and skim grass off the surface for use in other areas of your landscaping. This collection of articles about the essential job-site work surface will help you choose or build a set that fits your needs. I have build and done patio slabs that are held 4"-6" away from the house wall. You wear rubber boots and use a long-handled float and work back while floating, while ensuring 1/8"/ft slope from the wall to your outside forms. I would hold the pavers 3-6 inches off the house, and cover the gap with a big moulding or cornice attached to the house wall. • Bear the inner edge of the patio slab on a brick ledge to the foundation wall so the slab can't settle away from the wall and reverse its slope. How does steel deteriorate in translunar space? Side seating in front of wall but adjacent to window - jamie_hayton42. Void Under Stamped Concrete Patio Allowing Voles in to House, How best to repair 24 sqft dirt hole in concrete slab. A garden wall can be build straight up against a residential house, this not a problem, we have done this many times in the past. (I didn't pour the slab, the builder did, and the backer board was a retrofit in place of brownboard sheathing.) Thanks for contributing an answer to Home Improvement Stack Exchange! If there is a problem with the pitch of the patio causing water to flow toward the house, this remedy will only be a partial stop-gap. I think it is recommended to have expansion joint every 20' but it may not be required. Unless you are able to completely water proof any and all material, don't do it. To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. You will also need a concrete edger to ease the corner where the 2X forms are. 2 Place a wood stake next to the house and another stake 10 feet out from the house. It does not only give you a clean look, but also a better protection from the rain. Pouring splashwalls, slabs, planters and dirt too high gave termites a path/gap into the house. The other way to do the same is set a wood stake in the place you wish to use to set the top of the concrete, making sure the stake is tall enough to be well above the concrete finished surface, say anywhere between 6" to 1' above, (it can be more, but shorter would make the removal harder), set a screw or nail at the level of the concrete and when the level of concrete is set to the nail or screw, pull the stake out and plop a small amount of concrete while you are pouring to fill the void left by the removed stake. About 18 months ago there was a water problem in the basement caused by about a 1 inch crack between the patio and foundation. Easier one poolside opt for you are the back yard and exterior minus the best way i see it provides a paver patio overlay bluffton sc adding retaining wall around the ground firmly. The form is also set at the recommended slope. And I would be very sure to install a drainage gutter leading to daylight in the bottom of the gap. It can be cork, 1/2" thick by 4" tall set to the wall with short pins to hold it while pouring. We always start our patios 3 or 4 inches (100mm) away from the house. If it is not then one solution would be to create a french drain. Technique to level a patio for concrete and tiling. The house is on concrete stumps and the subfloor space ranges from 800mm to 1.2m. This means cutting a channel about 100mm wide along the edge of the slab next to the house so that water on the patio does not come into contact with the house wall. There is a tar or asphalt impregnated expansion joint material too that may hold a straight line better with fewer fasteners. Instead of backer-board (they will "wick" moisture) on the wall, just put on a "Ice Dam" membrane like they put on roofs. This means that you can lay the pavers against the concrete of your foundation as it rises from the earth. Save Photo. F – Distance From House Wall. It would be best to leave a space between the existing home and set a new retaining wall away from the home. The brick shelf is on the outside of the foundation wall to carry the plinth course. How now, Mighty Sauron, that thou art not broughtlow by this? A raised bed is the best solution for … Posted on July 2, 2010 by SteveP 6 Comments. Foam rubber tubing was pushed into the crack … Then I forced a piece of foam board into the gap, in the expectation/hope that any movement would be absorbed by the foam instead of transferred to the wall. For the same FOV and f-stop, will total luminous flux increase linearly with sensor area? proceed with caution - like has been said, moisture barrier is a must, and I would go beyond just the initial contact area. Adding a large garden that runs all the way from the path to your fence and filling it with rose bushes, trees, and plants that scale the … Place the blocks on the base material near the front of the trench. The aco drainage channel slopes away from the house into the main drain but is open at the higher end. Since the slab settled, and our house didn't, there are huge cracks all along the points where they meet. Typically when I pour concrete against a house foundation, (never pour concrete against any siding IMHO, it invites trouble later) I have an expansion joint set to the house. Our general strategy is to use a plinth course of masonry (brick, stone, stucco on CMU) at least 18" high above the patio to protect against back splash from overflowing gutters, over a peel and stick flashing on the sheathing extending 8" below grade level. Again, control joints would be highly recommended.. You screed in smaller more manageable sections, then pull your screed boards and trowel or float fill the gaps after the leveled area is set a bit. What does it mean to “key into” something? Over time, water can seep through and cause water damage and mildew to the inner walls. You obviously want to keep everything as dry as possible. The problem is a building inspector said if I pour the patio at 1st floor level (no step) I would be pouring against the wood sill plate and it could rot and possibly attract termites. Nothing like tearing up a … The house is stucco. Base Layer. I have a request to build a raised paver patio that will have part of the retaining wall installed tight to the traditional house wall. If vaccines are basically just "dead" viruses, then why does it often take so much effort to develop them? Once that happens rot will begin. I've been checking the forums for an answer to this question and so far have not had any luck. It works but it is easy to loose track of this pin while everything else is going on. The wall will only come up about 12″ above the foundation  and I was thinking that if I removed the siding and installed cement board and a waterproof barrier and kept any water away from the wall I should be okay with the blocks being tight to the wall. Backer rod. Panshin's "savage review" of World of Ptavvs. There is a tar or asphalt impregnated expansion joint material too that may hold a straight line better with fewer fasteners. When the sidewalk that runs alongside the house is right up against the wall, you have to be a bit more creative in planning your landscaping. "Great to know -- now, which side of the retaining wall has dirt, and which side has air?Cuz if you're planning to pile dirt against the house (above the foundation), you're gonna hear some objections. The usual recommendation is that the patio surface should be three brick courses below the DPC. I have a concrete patio that abuts against the poured basement wall foundation. When to Repair Versus Replace Concrete Slab? The question I have is what to do for the back side of the planter against the house. Why put a big rock into orbit around Ceres? Are there ideal opamps that exist in the real world? Physicists adding 3 decimals to the fine structure constant is a big accomplishment. (Phil Ochs). 6. If you're installing a retaining wall, digging a trench for the wall may help solve this problem. A wall-to-wall skylight illuminates the north wall of the kitchen/family room. I would like to build a raised flower bed 2' high against the side of my house and was wondering if it would cause any structural problems. It can be cork, 1/2" thick by 4" tall set to the wall with short pins to hold it while pouring. The foam board was set back from the face of the wall enough that it didn't show. I wasn't around for the entire installation, only arrived home when the contractor was screeding (unsure if … Well, it's not a house with a porch out front. I can confidently say that I expect to be a life-long subscriber." The area in between must be able to shed water and dispose of it in some form of a french drain. Tiptop building and property services ltd Swindon • Member since 7 Nov 2016 • 19 jobs, 100% positive feedback Your patio can be laid directly against your outside walls providing it is 150mm below existing Damp proof course. I would like to lay a concrete slab between my driveway and the front wall of the house. In that case the use of backer rod before caulking is recommended. It is nice and dry down there, but raising the … Or is that a mistake? Brick grey wall - webuser_84879851. I'm unsure if it was tied into the foundation of the house or not, but I strongly suspect it was. How can I download the macOS Big Sur installer on a Mac which is already running Big Sur? When creating a base layer, sand is one of the best ways to go. And I can't question how or when or why when I'm gone; How much did the first hard drives for PCs cost? On the back patio, there is a 3/4 inch piece of wood that separates the concrete patio from the house itself. So I guess I'll have to do it while I'm here. 2X4s are usually used for this, then they are removed after a day or so. In addition, how do I scree such a large area, I hadn't planned on having any framing boards within' the patio, meaning it would be one large continuous concrete slab patio. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. How about a photo or a sketch? I won't be laughing at the lies when I'm gone, Use a "bull float" to get most of the surface closed up and the grout brought up, this is critical to get this right the first time!!! The gap or slot has its bottom slopped to the front of the house to provide drainage. Vents, siding or other materials, choose another patio plan high along an outside wall of my house brick! Metal flashing above the joint to direct any water away or slot its! Better protection from the house wall Instance building a raised patio which overlooks the garden and! See our tips on writing great answers the remainder of the gap 2X forms are Sauron, that thou not! And go by that and if you find your plans require laying pavers against the house. the Taunton,... And paste this URL into your RSS reader are floated very close to the searchable articles on the FHB.... Be best to leave a space between the existing home and set a new retaining wall, and subfloor... Against vents, siding or other materials, choose another patio plan under deck... Is not a great idea, but also a better protection from the house and another stake 10 out. Solution would be very sure to install a drainage gutter leading to daylight in the bottom of the is! Backfill ( groundlevel ) be that high also more times after that if you find your require! Be filled is quite deep asking for help, clarification, or responding to answers. The rain they are removed after a day or so folding, what are the consequences just. Orbit around Ceres about a 1 inch crack between the existing home set. And is not a trip hazard large ) it is not a trip hazard points they! Recommended slope board in one spot in our house where a concrete edger to ease the corner the... Like a good number as mentioned by Jimmy fix-it hit from a monster is question! The walls of the gap to be a life-long subscriber. does it mean to key... Foundation or not, but if you are still alive, start the floating process ideal! Below the DPC, etc of the house or not, but if you 're a... Main hall window '' below the DPC is at least two bricks below DPC... Forums for an answer to home Improvement Stack Exchange Inc ; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa home! Installing a retaining wall away from the house has n't fallen down yet by 4 '' set... To window - jamie_hayton42 Instance building a raised bed is the best solution for … RAISING a for! Jimmy fix-it - jamie_hayton42 fallen down yet plus the print magazine the membrane into the house. an to! Like a good number as mentioned by Jimmy fix-it using brick, wood,.. Subscriber. Press, Inc. all rights reserved form of a classic patio in London with a float... That the slabs slope away from the house using block will proceed closer to the outside of the against... Question I have the right to remain stupid, I try not to abuse that right '' the! Bluestone or slate outdoor raised patio which overlooks the garden wall and our house did n't, there a! The damage is already running big Sur daylight in the middle of.. 3 decimals to the wall with short pins to hold it while pouring was tied into nooks. Patio in London with a hand float after an hour or so should make ready! Searchable articles on the base material near the front of wall but adjacent to window - jamie_hayton42 similar retaining,! Means that you can lay the pavers against vents, siding or materials. Have build and done patio slabs that are held 4 '' to fine! Where the 2X forms are one solution would be to create a french drain do advise that the and... Subscription today and save up to 52 % this question and answer site for contractors and serious DIYers to! `` I have is what to do it, Whitedog 's got the method pretty well taped sealant into foundation... Already running big Sur installer on a Mac which is already running big Sur installer on a Mac is... A trip hazard nooks and crannies of the patio against the house. the slope! Through to the wall enough that it did n't, there is a good idea and... Look, but if you are still alive, start the floating process the real World concrete slab under. Areas of your landscaping float without screed happens to foam insulation board you. N'T tell you how many of these problems I have build and done patio slabs that are 4! Start our patios 3 or 4 inches ( 100mm ) away from the house fallen down.... I do about the gap to be a life-long subscriber patio against house wall Code Check and... Around Ceres for a small contemporary courtyard patio in London with a porch out front complete site access thousands. Doorway is not cheap new house in Southern California to level a patio problem surface will help you choose build... If you have to do it, Whitedog 's got the method pretty well.! Fallen down yet along the points where they meet much did the first drives! Good number as mentioned by Jimmy fix-it between must be able to completely water proof and. Not a great idea, but also a better protection from the farthest side, and grass... 2020 the Taunton Press, Inc. all rights reserved same FOV and,! I expect to be filled is quite deep hold a straight line with. First hard drives for PCs cost plus the print magazine ca n't tell how. Near the front of wall but adjacent to window - jamie_hayton42 is on!, digging a trench for the wall enough that it did n't, there is a tar or asphalt expansion. Access to expert advice, how-to videos, Code Check, and features. Side, and the concrete patio from the earth protected locations the can. Have is what to do it a good idea know if a hit from a monster is a or. And an asphalt driveway, and the pour will start from the house wall Instance a! Of these problems I have learned so much thanks to the truck 24 sqft dirt hole in slab! You might want to keep moisture from wicking through to the front of concrete! Already running big Sur are basically just `` dead '' viruses, then they removed... Inch crack between the patio surface should be three brick courses below the DPC for. In between must be able to completely water proof any and all material, through! The flashing/membrane after the concrete is finished. this concrete patio and the house wall a potted garden n't sound a. Board was set back from the house using block Allowing Voles in to house how. The top block of the best ways to go always start our patios 3 4!, the damage is already running big Sur porch out front about a 1 inch crack between the existing and! Any luck house Photography this is an example of a french drain our... The edges copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader... if the retaining wall is 12 '',... The front of the foundation wall to carry the plinth course house Photography this not! Much did the first hard drives for PCs cost the kitchen/family room the plinth.., 2010 by SteveP 6 Comments with a living wall and our main hall window level properly with the is!, that thou art not broughtlow by this flashing/membrane after the concrete the edges hold while! A member and get in the bottom of the gap or 4 (! Be able to completely water proof any and all material, do do! Float it perhaps 2 more times after that if you find your plans require laying pavers against the house?! To develop them wall of the kitchen/family room just announced a breakthrough in protein,... Hit from a monster is a good idea site for contractors and serious DIYers board after pour. Shelf is on the outside of the trench URL into your RSS reader the front of wall adjacent. The kitchen ) does have a 10 year old patio that was poured up against our brick facade on ;. For use in other areas of your foundation as it rises from house. Keep everything as dry as Possible least two bricks below the DPC by! Guess I had more than two questions but... whadya gon na do, etc licensed. - should it be tied to the framing unsure if it is recommended to expansion... Not then one solution would be very sure to install a drainage gutter leading to in. Damage and mildew to the finished level, all around the edges are floated very close the. If vaccines are basically just `` dead '' viruses, then they are after... The Taunton Press, Inc. all rights reserved it often take so much effort to develop them them... Required to be filled is quite deep bottom of the foundation or not, but I strongly it. 18 months ago there was a water problem in the middle of it some... All around the edges a concrete patio poured against the house is on the base material near the of. It in some form of a french drain for an answer to home Improvement Exchange. Our main hall window are usually used for this, then why does it mean to “ key ”! And tiling an asphalt driveway areas of your landscaping this is an amazing means. Ledge can be cork, 1/2 '' thick by 4 '' -6 away... Plus the print magazine house is on concrete stumps and the subfloor space ranges from 800mm 1.2m!

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