x�}�OHQǿ�%B�e&R�N�W�`���oʶ�k��ξ������n%B�.A�1�X�I:��b]"�(����73��ڃ7�3����{@](m�z�y���(�;>��7P�A+�Xf$�v�lqd�}�䜛����] �U�Ƭ����x����iO:���b��M��1�W�g�>��q�[ >> ), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2008 Edition), URL = Moral Luck Thomas Nagel Kant believed that good or bad luck should influence neither our moral judgment of a person and his actions, nor his moral assessment of himself. stream This use was a matter of stipulation, as Nagel’s target had little to do with luck itself, but the question of how control is related to moral responsibility. It seems wrong to evaluate whether or not someone is good based on luck - but it is what we do anyway. 0000027669 00000 n Nagel believes that this theory is too simple. The idea that morality is immune from luck finds inspiration inKant: Thomas Nagel approvingly cites this passage in the opening of his 1979article, “Moral Luck.” Nagel’s article began as areply to Williams’ paper of the same name, and the two articlestogether articulated in a new and powerful way a challenge for anyonewishing to defend the Kantian idea that an important aspect ofmorality is immune from luck, or independent of what is outside of ourcontrol. The good will is not good because of what it effects or accomplishes or because of its adequacy to achieve some proposed end; it is good only In his essay, published in 1976, Nagel indicates that the problem of moral luck arises from a clash between our application and intuition most people share about morality. How to (dis)solve Nagel’s paradox about moral luck and respon sibility 19 Manuscrito – Rev. Nagel, , ‘Moral Luck’, 25, and Williams, , ‘Moral Luck’, 21. �2�M�'�"()Y'��ld4�䗉�2��'&��Sg^���}8��&����w��֚,�\V:k�ݤ;�i�R;;\��u?���V�����\���\�C9�u�(J�I����]����BS�s_ QP5��Fz���׋G�%�t{3qW�D�0vz�� \}\� $��u��m���+����٬C�;X�9:Y�^g�B�,�\�ACioci]g�����(�L;�z���9�An���I� In this paper I defend a solution to the moral luck problem based on what I call "a fair opportunity account of control." 2016. G|�-3�����r�`�ֱ�Lo���=�ݍ���K#I�a�3B�Z������Vs�� �ai��yK b�� b����fn��� /Metadata 5 0 R x�+TT(c}�\C�|�@ 1�� endstream endobj 56 0 obj<>stream ��mV�\�e����OMv?�}Sd����_?�}�q����>����9 �y�$���L�����dB�E9�΋*367������f��� �����OY��Ng���u�m��*g�rqX��~�2���]��"�?w�������J���4yaR����e}h�正����=������J��VE7��ܬ��m��*pƇ��. Nagel points out that we typically do not have control over the decisions with which we are faced; but, it seems, it often happens that our moral standing is largely determined by the decisions an alternatives with which we happen to be presented. 137-55 from Proceedings of the Artistotelian Society, 50, 1976. Ȫ{�W�%��H7d(� �١.������h� �����i��XgÀC�n:�:CB�(�[*M���ﻜx;��ҡ�j��_4�R��T���U�a� td����%OfьK�μ_ l��� ������^9;k���7�T�s�[R�E��ŞƓ��`�#���] d�ۀ��l�Q�~$���×?�� �1��XP��]$=~oJ��Y���xbx�0k� << Thomas Nagel's Mortal Questions explores some fundamental issues concerning the meaning, nature and value of human life. Moral Luck. /Marked true When Thomas Nagel originally coined the expression “moral luck,” he used the term “luck” to mean lack of control. Despite all the attention that Williams’ article has generated, his argument is actually fairly unimpressive. A. O. Williams and T. Nagel I--B. Start studying Nagel: Moral Luck. 0000000944 00000 n /Length 2855 /Lang (en-US) 0000038667 00000 n Part III: Moral character: Virtue: 22: Arpaly on moral worth : 23: Wolf on moral saints : Free will and moral responsibility: 24: van Inwagen on the incompatibility of free will and determinism : 25: Frankfurt on moral responsibility : 26: Nagel on moral luck << 0000000656 00000 n %���� 5-32, jan.-mar. The good will is not good because of what it effects or accomplishes or because of its adequacy to achieve some proposed end; it is good only because of its willing, i.e., it is << 20 0 obj (Nagel 1979, p. Fil., Campinas, v.39, n.1, pp. @�e���\�N4�װT�"�^߻'[���ف)Q��9N�irӦcY��Ӹ��_�s�����~���[�W�̚�r�f�c��2��e�o߾��=��9��S�J��y�ˬn˼z���e�z�-)���r�I{�3.-�i��U������+^}U�խ7�R-F��ʑ�#�$%���@G��0�:�^���G"0 The first of these Nagel identifies as "constitutive luck" or "the kind of person you are" in terms of "inclinations, capacities, and temperament" (451). >> The problem, as Nagel goes on to show, is that we consistently ignore this principle in our practices of moral evaluation. >> Hello readers! For his actions that morning, he was convicted of felony murder and sentenced to life in prison.1Just over ten years later in Cleveland, a different man intentionally shot and killed a twelve-year-old child within seconds of encountering him. , Campinas, v.39, n.1, pp. endobj Nagel’s entire discus-sion of moral luck is predicated on the idea that there is a clash between a pretheoretic assumption that nothing outside of our control can affect our moral assessibility and the various examples of moral luck (Nagel 1979, 25). endobj stream 81 quotes from Thomas Nagel: 'Absurdity is one of the most human things about us: a manifestation of our most advanced and interesting characteristics. John Doe grows up in Nazi Germany and becomes a Nazi. 42 It is only right to point out that some of the parts omitted from this quotation make Kant's own position look somewhat further removed from the Kantian position being presented in this essay; see also, in this connection, the crucial disclaimer at A551/B579, footnote. 2016-08-16T13:18:21-04:00 He was recently spared even the possibility of being foun… �(�o{1�c��d5�U��gҷt����laȱi"��\.5汔����^�8tph0�k�!�~D� �T�hd����6���챖:>f��&�m�����x�A4����L�&����%���k���iĔ��?�Cq��ոm�&/�By#�Ց%i��'�W��:�Xl�Err�'�=_�ܗ)�i7Ҭ����,�F|�N�ٮͯ6�rm�^�����U�HW�����5;�?�Ͱh endstream endobj 57 0 obj[/ICCBased 56 0 R] endobj 58 0 obj<>stream It is not clear, for instance, that moral value has to be the supreme sort of value. Microsoft® Word 2013 endstream I hope the end of the semester isn’t too stressful. 41 Cf. A. O. 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