Its Highlands contain the largest continuous area of high altitude land in the whole of the continent. [5] Contrary to what has been suggested for much of Africa, planation surfaces in northern Ethiopia do not appear to be pediplains nor etchplains.[5]. It is divided in half almost equally by the Equator. Mountain Area Continent Named mountain Height (Metres) Rocky Mountains 4399 Andes Mountains Anconcagua Himalayas Ethiopian Highlands Mt. It forms the largest continuous area of its elevation in the continent, with little of its surface falling below 1,500 m (4,900 ft) , while the summits reach heights of up to 4,550 m (14,930 ft) . The term "coffee" derives from the Arabic qahwah (.mw-parser-output .script-Cprt{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Segoe UI Historic","Noto Sans Cypriot",Code2001}.mw-parser-output .script-Hano{font-size:125%;font-family:"Noto Sans Hanunoo",FreeSerif,Quivira}.mw-parser-output .script-Latf,.mw-parser-output .script-de-Latf{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Breitkopf Fraktur",UnifrakturCook,UniFrakturMaguntia,MarsFraktur,"MarsFraktur OT",KochFraktur,"KochFraktur OT",OffenbacherSchwabOT,"LOB.AlteSchwabacher","LOV.AlteSchwabacher","LOB.AtlantisFraktur","LOV.AtlantisFraktur","LOB.BreitkopfFraktur","LOV.BreitkopfFraktur","LOB.FetteFraktur","LOV.FetteFraktur","LOB.Fraktur3","LOV.Fraktur3","LOB.RochFraktur","LOV.RochFraktur","LOB.PostFraktur","LOV.PostFraktur","LOB.RuelhscheFraktur","LOV.RuelhscheFraktur","LOB.RungholtFraktur","LOV.RungholtFraktur","LOB.TheuerbankFraktur","LOV.TheuerbankFraktur","LOB.VinetaFraktur","LOV.VinetaFraktur","LOB.WalbaumFraktur","LOV.WalbaumFraktur","LOB.WeberMainzerFraktur","LOV.WeberMainzerFraktur","LOB.WieynckFraktur","LOV.WieynckFraktur","LOB.ZentenarFraktur","LOV.ZentenarFraktur"}.mw-parser-output .script-en-Latf{font-size:1.25em;font-family:Cankama,"Old English Text MT","Textura Libera","Textura Libera Tenuis",London}.mw-parser-output .script-it-Latf{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Rotunda Pommerania",Rotunda,"Typographer Rotunda"}.mw-parser-output .script-Lina{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Noto Sans Linear A"}.mw-parser-output .script-Linb{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Noto Sans Linear B"}.mw-parser-output .script-Ugar{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Segoe UI Historic","Noto Sans Ugaritic",Aegean}.mw-parser-output .script-Xpeo{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Segoe UI Historic","Noto Sans Old Persian",Artaxerxes,Xerxes,Aegean} قهوة)[2] and is traced to Kaffa.[2][3]. However even these parks are losing habitat to livestock grazing, while the lower elevation parks (Harar Wildlife Sanctuary, Awash National Park, Omo National Park, and Nechisar National Park) are even less secure. Map of Ethiopian Highlands Click on red triangle icons for links to other ranges. The Ethiopian Highlands are Africa’s largest continuous mountain range. Coordinates: 12°32′00″N 41°23′8″E / 12.53333°N 41.38556°E / 12.53333; 41.38556, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFWeinbergBealer2001 (, An explanation of this unusual rain pattern can be found at, Learn how and when to remove this template message, January 2005: The Ethiopian Large Igneous Province, Ethiopia: Drought intensifies during corn and sorghum harvest, http://worldwildlife.org/ecoregions/at0112, "Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands", List of countries where Arabic is an official language, Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests, Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine–oak forests, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ethiopian_Highlands&oldid=988707409, Articles needing additional references from March 2020, All articles needing additional references, Wikidata value to be checked for Infobox mountain, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 November 2020, at 20:05. Little wonder then that the Ethiopian Highlands are often called The Roof of Africa. The range includes peaks of over 4,000 m. Among these are Mount Tullu Demtu (4,337 m), which is the second-highest major independent mountain in Ethiopia, and Mount Batu (4,307 m). The habitats are somewhat different on either side of the Great Rift Valley that splits the highlands. More widespread mammals found here include the mantled guereza (Colobus guereza), which is also threatened as its habitat disappears as does that of many other mammals of the highlands such as olive baboon (Papio anubis), Egyptian wolf (Canis aureus), leopard (Panthera pardus), lion (Panthera leo), spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta), caracal (Caracal caracal), serval (Leptailurus serval), common duiker (Sylvicapra grimmia), and giant forest hog (Hylochoerus meinertzhageni). The Western Actually, many of the species are endemic to the Ethiopian Highlands (e.g. Wolaita Sodo Univerisity Abstract- Throughout the world today, ... on the economies of many countries in the continent. It is … Rather, the core of present-day Ethiopia, and its historic predecessors, has always been the Ethiopian Highlands. Africas physical geography, environment and resources, and human geography can be considered separately. In 1980, the ruins of the ancient kingdom were designated as a World Heritage Site. Ethiopia has a huge potential as a tourist destination however not many actually knows that. The Ethiopian Highlands is a rugged mass of mountains in Ethiopia, situated in the Horn region in northeast Africa. Towards the southern part of Ethiopia the highland turns into lowland. Constantly, wind and rain is changing the landscape. The Ethiopian Highlands are divided into northwestern and southeastern portions by the Main Ethiopian Rift, which contains a number of salt lakes. The two sections are separated by the vast Eastern Rift Valley, which cuts across Ethiopia from southwest to northeast. On the African continent lie plains, mountains, valleys, rivers, and desserts. The Great Rift Valley runs through the center, splitting the Highlands in two. Narodnaya 1894 Alps 4807 Great Dividing Range Australasia Mt Koskiosko Caucasus Mt Elbrus Atlas Mountains Toubkal L/O To use an atlas to locate information about world mountains . Its summit, Ras Dashen (4,550 m), is the highest peak in Ethiopia. The land of the former kingdom is mountainous with stretches of forest. It includes Africa south of the Sahara Desert, the majority of the Arabian Peninsula, the island of Madagascar, southern Iran and extreme southwestern Pakistan, and the islands of the western Indian Ocean. The evergreen broadleaved forest of the Semien Mountains, between 2,300 and 2,700 meters elevation, is dominated by Syzygium guineense, Juniperus procera, and Olea africana. Batu 4307 Pyrenees Pic de Aneto Ural Mountains Mt. About 25 percent of the world’s degraded land is located in Africa ([58]; [56]). Around 30 million years ago, a flood basalt plateau began to form, piling layers upon layers of voluminous fissure-fed basaltic lava flows. Geology. The interior part of Ethiopia is covered by the Ethiopian Highlands and continues further north into Eritrea. Further, these mountains catch the precipitation of the monsoon winds of the Indian Ocean, resulting in a rainy season that lasts from June until mid-September. UNESCO identifies 11 churches in Lalibela and was declared as a world heritage site back in 1978. The entire highland region is separated into two segments by the Great Rift Valley which runs through the country. The highest peak in the Ethiopian highlands is Ras Dashen. Plateaus, separated by valleys are found at the peaks. The way the landscape changes is very similar to what is going on in Grand Canyon in the US. They consist of the rugged Western Highlands and the more limited Eastern Highlands. This rifting gave rise to large alkaline basalt shield volcanoes beginning about 30–31 million years ago. Most of the Ethiopian Highlands are part of central and northern Ethiopia, and its northernmost portion reaches into Eritrea. Amazing picture of the Ethiopian Highlands. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. Fertile soil (offering three harvests a year), a temperate climate (with heavy rains causing the flooding of the river Nile in the summer) and a distinctive range of ‘Afromontane’ flora and fauna all combine to produce a plethora of … They form a part of the Ethiopian Highlands. Ethiopia’s main export is coffee that indeed is world famous. This woodland belt has several natural plant communities, but has mostly been heavily grazed and converted to agricultural use now. Many endangered animal and plant species can only be found in the Ethiopian highlands. The southeastern portion's highest peaks are located in Bale Mountains national park, and are nearly … The farmland is home to many butterflies, especially Papilio, Charaxinae, Pieridae and Lycaenidae. In the waning stages of the flood basalt episode, large explosive caldera-forming eruptions also occurred. The southeastern portion's highest peaks are located in the Bale Zone of Ethiopia's Oromia Region. Wintering birds include wigeon (Anas penelope), shoveler (Anas clypeata), ruff (Philomachus pugnax), and greenshank (Tringa nebularia). The large protected area of fertile lands and major rivers became the seat of a power that would hold sway in its nearby region and beyond the continent. High up in the remote highlands of Ethiopia roams a hunter so rare that to get even a glimpse of it is considered to be a privilege. It forms the largest continuous area of its elevation in the continent, with little of its surface falling below 1,500 m (4,900 ft), while the summits reach heights of up to 4,550 m (14,930 ft). It is a continent of many habitats, from sandy shorelines, wetlands, and forests to rocky highlands, savannas, and kopjes. Ethiopia is the only African country never to have been colonize which indeed is caused by the inhospitable terrain. The Kingdom of Aksum (also known as the Aksumite Empire) was an ancient state located in the Eritrean highlands and Ethiopian highlands, which thrived between the 1st and 7th centuries CE. It forms the largest continuous area of its elevation in the continent, with little of its surface falling below 1,500 m (4,900 ft), while the summits reach heights of up to 4,550 m (14,930 ft). The Ethiopian montane forests lie between 1,100 and 1,800 meters elevation, above the lowland grasslands and savannas, and extends to areas of similar habitat in Eritrea, Sudan, and Djibouti. The Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands is the largest of the highland ecoregions, occupying the area between 1,800 and 3,000 meters elevation. The Highlands are divided into northwestern and southeastern portions by the Main Ethiopian Rift, which contains a number of salt lakes. 3 4 5. Top Answer. The city of Aksum is known for its many buildings with magnificent decorations, large obelisks, stelae, royal tombs and ruins of palaces. Above 3,000 meters elevation lie the high Ethiopian montane moorlands, the largest afroalpine region in Africa. Ethiopia is often referred to as the “water tower” of Africa because of its abundant water resources, the greatest in the whole of Africa. The country has one of the most rugged and complex topographies in the continent. The Ethiopian Highlands share a similar flora and fauna of other mountainous regions of Africa; this distinctive flora and fauna is known as Afromontane but from the time of the last ice age has been populated with some Eurasian (palearctic) flora. Asked by Wiki User. The Ethiopian Highlands began to rise 75 million years ago[citation needed], as magma from the Earth's mantle uplifted a broad dome of the ancient rocks of the Arabian-Nubian Shield. In the highland you find magnificent scenery and several species of mammals you not see anywhere else. What is the continent of the ethiopian highlands? The Ethiopian Highlands is a rugged mass of mountains in Ethiopia, situated in the Horn region in northeast Africa. Kolla, is an open woodland found at lower elevations, and dominated by species of Terminalia, Commiphora, Boswellia, and Acacia. Ethiopia is the most populous landlocked country in the world, and the second-most populous nation on the African continent, after Nigeria. The Highlands, firmly wedged in the Horn of Africa, form the largest high altitude area on the continent, with peaks over 4,500m and plateaus spreading across huge areas above 1,500m. Weyna dega is a woodland found in moister and higher locations, dominated by the conifers Afrocarpus gracilior and Juniperus procera. L'Éthiopie a des frontières communes avec l' Érythrée (ancienne province) au nord, la Somalie à l'est-sud-est, le Soudan au nord-ouest, le Soudan du Sud à l'ouest-sud-ouest, le Kenya au sud et la république de Djibouti au nord-est. Note: Range borders shown on map are an approximation and are not authoritative. The Great … The highest mountain is called Ras Dashen with a height of 4,620 m. 80 % of Africa’s tallest mountains are located in this highland. Most of the country's major cities are located at elevations of around 2,000–2,500 m (6,600–8,200 ft) above sea level, including historic capitals such as Gondar and Axum. The Ethiopian Highlands is a rugged mass of mountains in Ethiopia, situated in the Horn region in northeast Africa. The southwesterly winds bring rainfall from May to October with moisture from the Red Sea coming in from the east year round. Africa, the second-largest continent, is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, the Indian Ocean, and the Atlantic Ocean.It is divided in half almost equally by the Equator. Ethiopian Plateau, highlands covering much of Ethiopia and central Eritrea. The Ethiopian Highlands are a rugged mass of mountains in Ethiopia, Eritrea (which is sometimes referred to as the Eritrean Highlands), and northern Somalia in the Horn of Africa. While the population is in a state of flux, still it is estimated that there are fewer than 500 individuals left in the world, making it the most endangered carnivore in Africa: the Ethiopian Wolf. The Ethiopian Highlands are called The Roof of Africa. The mountain nyala finds its way up to the high moorlands although it is more common at lower elevations. Gelada baboon which are living at the highest altitude of all primates; up to incredible 4,500 meters above sea level). They are also, without exaggeration, simply spectacular. In the southern parts of the Ethiopian Highlands once was located the Kingdom of Kaffa, a medieval early modern state, whence the coffee plant was exported to the Arabian Peninsula. Urban areas in this ecoregion include: Ethiopia's capital city and Africa's fourth largest city Addis Ababa, the Amhara Region capital Bahir Dar with its island monasteries on Lake Tana, the old walled city of Harar, the spa town of Ambo, Asella in the Arsi Zone, the trekking center of Dodola, the lakeside Debre Zeyit, the largest city in the southwest Jimma, the market town of Nekemte, and the capital of the Tigray Region, Mek'ele. Meters, it is sometimes called the Roof of Africa many of the top places to in. 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